The City of Boerne, incorporated in 1909, operated as a general law city with a city administrator until November 1995. Following a special election, the citizens voted to have Boerne become a home rule city with a council-manager plan of government.
The City is governed by the City Council, which is composed of five council members elected for staggered two-year terms. The mayor and two council members are elected in odd-numbered years. Three council members are elected in even-numbered years. The five council members are elected by the district in which they reside and the mayor is elected by the city at-large. Single-member voting districts were adopted in 2009.